Many questions have raised concerning the cause, spread, symptoms, and prevention regarding Corona Virus Disease, formally termed as COVID-19. One such issue is whether COVID-19 is an outbreak with a virus or bacteria?
Considering the nature of the disease, COVID_19 is declared as a Viral infectious disease. This article aims to clear all the confusion regarding the coronavirus infection that muted the whole world.
Viral verses Bacterial Infection:
Though bacteria and viruses are indeed different, the symptoms of viral and bacterial infections are similar. So the medication and care, therefore, be separate.
Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell microorganisms. They are very different and may have a broad range of shapes and structural properties. Only a few bacteria referred to as pathogenic cause infection in the human body.
A bacterial infection may occur when bacteria invade the body and multiply. Symptoms are close to a virus infection. Yet bacterial infections may be treated with an antibiotic.
Another form of microorganism is viruses, but they are tiny than bacteria. With a variety of shapes and features, they are very diverse, like bacteria. As parasitic, viruses require living cells or tissue to grow. Viruses use the components of our cell to spread and multiply. Some viruses even kill host cells as part of their life cycle.
When a virus attacks the human body and replicates, virus infection is caused. The body immunity system accepts this as alien and fights back.
Coronavirus disease or COVID-19, an infectious disease, is caused not by bacteria but by a newly found coronavirus. It is known as a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov 2). However, there are many other types of coronaviruses.
The identified coronavirus pandemic is a viral epidemic as established by the following points:
Dependent on the living organism:
COVID-19 is a viral infection since coronavirus does not function without interfering with a living organism, unlike bacteria. It needs a host cell for replication and is not able to do anything itself. This virus exists for a specific period of time if it remains untouched on any surface. For example, on a glass, it usually lasts for 5 days, on timber 4 days, 3 days on plastic or stainless still, a day on a cupboard, and just 4 hours on copper surfaces.
Viral affected symptoms:
An important reason is that if we consider coronavirus symptoms, we find that the symptoms are identical as they are in other respiratory virus-infected diseases. The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to Influenza, another virus-infected disease.
Common signs of coronavirus disease are fever, breathing problems, headaches, muscle pain, diarrhea, vomiting, chest pain, tiredness, and so on.
The seriousness of COVID-19 symptoms can vary from moderate to severe. It is essential to know that some patients may have no signs, and others may have minor to extreme symptoms, based on the age and medical background.
Older individuals with known health diseases such as extreme obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, cardiac disease, chronic liver, or renal disorder are at a greater risk of this contagion. Furthermore, individuals with poor immunity are more susceptible to COVID-19 infection.
Failure of Antibiotics:
The most important difference between virus-infected and bacteria-infected disease is that antibiotics work to treat bacterial disease but ineffective in the viral disease. It is already proved that antibiotic is ineffective in the case of coronavirus.
The adverse consequences of COVID-19 patients inside the body are closer to those induced by a viral infection and not a bacterial infection. Generally, as a virus reaches a human body, it tries to attack some healthy cells in the body and takes over the cell machinery to create more of itself. The same refers to the contamination of coronavirus.
On the basis of the above points, medical experts have suggested that the devastating COVID-19 is a viral infection that has already killed millions of people in the world and infected people regularly.
Extreme COVID-19 cases may only be treated with specialized care. If anyone has any of these symptoms, don’t confuse between bacterial and viral infection. Immediately seek medical help, maintain social distance, and make a habit of cleaning hands with soap and wearing masks.