What is Hypertension?
High blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension, is when blood pressure becomes higher than average blood pressure. Because of our activities, our blood pressure changes for most of the day. Consistently over average blood pressure measures may contribute to a diagnosis of elevated blood pressure (or hypertension).
Those who suffer from high blood pressure have the chance to face health problems like cardiac failure, heart failure, and stroke.
Your health care provider will detect high blood pressure and advise on treatment by testing and matching the systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels to those contained in the guidelines.
The criteria for diagnosing hypertension may vary from clinical health care to health care professionals:
Any healthcare providers diagnose high blood pressure patients if they regularly report 140/90 mm Hg or higher2. This guideline is based on a 2003 recommendation, as seen in the table below.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
One of the most important risk factors about high blood pressure — or hypertension is that the patient with high blood pressure does not know it. This is related to the reality that high blood pressure shows no effects until it is really severe. A daily checkup is the easiest way to assess if the blood pressure is high.
Severe high blood pressure signs
If the blood pressure is excessively high, some signs can be noticeable, including:
- Serious headaches
- Tiredness or confusion
- Problems in vision
- Chest pain
- Breathing problem
- Irregular cardiac beat
- Urinary blood
- Pounding in neck, chest, or ears
We should keep in mind that high blood pressure typically has no sign. And it should be checked regularly for all.
What induces hypertension?
Typically, high blood pressure changes over time. This can occur because of unhealthy lifestyle choices such as insufficient regular physical activity. Few health problems, such as diabetes and obesity, can often raise the likelihood of high blood pressure. During pregnancy, high blood pressure may also arise.
What problems cause hypertension?
High blood pressure may harm our health in several ways. It can damage major organs such as the heart, liver, kidneys, and eyes severely.
The positive news is that we can control our blood pressure in most situations and lower the chances of major health issues.
Heart Disease and Heart Attack
High blood pressure may harm the arteries, rendering them less elastic, reducing blood supply and heart oxygen, and triggering the cardiac disease. Furthermore, reduced blood flow to the heart can cause:
- Chest pain, also known as angina.
- Heart attack, which develops as the heart’s blood supplies are diverted, and the heart muscle starts dying without oxygen. The more the blood supply is blocked, the more harm the heart does.
- Heart failure, a disease that indicates that the heart can not pump the other organs with adequate blood and oxygen.
Brain and Stroke Complications
High blood pressure may trigger the blood and oxygen arteries in the brain to explode or obstruct, contributing to a stroke. Cells in the brain die during the stroke owing to inadequate oxygen. Stroke may trigger severe voice, action, and other simple activity deficits. A stroke may kill you, too.
High blood pressure is associated with poorer cognitive capacity and dementia later in life, particularly those who suffer from it during mid-life.
Adults who have high blood pressure and diabetes or both are at greater risk than without these disorders of having chronic kidney disorder.
What should we do to prevent or control hypertension?
Many high blood pressure patients will reduce blood pressure to a healthier level or maintain their numbers healthier by improving their way of life.
- At least 150 minutes a week of physical exercise (approximately 30 minutes a day, five days a week)
- Don’t smoke
- A balanced lifestyle containing sodium (salt) and alcohol reduction
- Keeping weight safe
- Stress Control
In addition to healthy improvements in diet, certain patients with high blood pressure tend to take medications to regulate their blood pressure.
We should consult the health team urgently if we suspect that we have high blood pressure or if we have high blood pressure but can not regulate it.
By taking steps to control our blood pressure, we can protect ourselves from heart failure and stroke, often referred to as cardiovascular disease ( CVD).